Tips for talking with your neighbour

“My neighbour regularly smoked in his backyard. Whenever I sat on my deck, or just opened the back windows, I smelled cigarettes. I finally decided to say something. I made notes in advance, which helped me stay calm. My neighbour said he didn't realize the smoke affected me. He committed to smoke only in his front yard (where it doesn’t impact me). I’m glad we talked! I’m able to enjoy my deck and open my windows again.” 

– Deana, Coquitlam, BC

Do you need to talk with your neighbour about a problem that’s come up between you? Maybe you’ve been meaning to have that talk but aren’t sure how to bring up the issue. Or maybe you’re worried about approaching your neighbour. Learn tips to help you talk with your neighbour. 

What you should know

Don’t assume your neighbour knows there’s a problem

Your neighbour may be doing something that’s bothering you. But they may not be aware they're disturbing you or how frustrated you are about the issue — whether it’s second-hand smoke, a noise issue, a fence in need of repair, or some other problem. Talking with your neighbour is a good first step and might just resolve the matter quickly.

Think about your relationship with your neighbour

You live near your neighbour. You see them on a regular basis. As far as you know, neither of you has plans to move any time soon. You don’t want to rock the boat too much because it’s less stressful (and more peaceful) to live among neighbours who like and respect each other. Having an ongoing relationship with your neighbours is an important consideration when trying to figure out how to deal with a problem that’s come up between you.

You don’t have to talk with your neighbour before taking other steps

Sometimes informal steps don’t fit the situation. You may find your neighbour intimidating, unapproachable, or unavailable. You might prefer writing a letter or contacting your municipality, rather than talking with your neighbour. That’s up to you. We explain other options to deal with a problem with a neighbour. You can start with whatever step best fits your situation.

Steps to having the conversation

Step 1. Prepare for the conversation

Imagine your neighbour’s dog has been barking on and off for several hours. You're drawn to knock on your neighbour’s door and tell them exactly how irritated you are. While letting off some steam may make you feel better in the short term, approaching your neighbour in the moment probably isn’t the best idea. Give yourself some time to calm down and collect your thoughts.

Make notes

Before you contact your neighbour, take time to note the following.

  • What the problem is. Describe the problem. Note any specific incidents and when they happened. For example: The neighbour's dog barked for more than an hour on four days last week

  • Why the problem is bothering you. For example: I'm not able to concentrate because of the barking, and it's even interrupting meetings I take part in from home.

  • Your neighbour’s perspective. Put yourself in your neighbour’s shoes to see if you can understand their perspective. For example: Perhaps they're at work when their dog barks and don’t know about the problem. Or maybe they’ve grown used to the barking and don’t realize it's disturbing neighbours. 

  • What you and your neighbour have in common. Identify common interests you and your neighbour share. For example: We both value peace and quiet in our homes. 

  • The solution you want. Perhaps you want the dog to stop barking (at least for long periods of time) during the day. Try to think of solutions that may work for both of you. For example: Perhaps they can bring their dog to work or to a doggy day care some days.

You can use this template to help you prepare. Getting ready for the conversation in this way can help you feel calm, prepared, and confident.  

Gather material in support

If you have any photos, videos, or recordings of the problem, gather them in support of your complaint.

You can also look up local bylaws. Many cities and towns have rules about issues involving neighbours. You can search your municipality’s bylaws to see if any apply to your situation. Save any relevant bylaw so you can show it to your neighbour.

Find a local bylaw

On the website CivicInfo BC, you can search across local government websites province-wide to find local bylaws for your community. In the search box, type in a keyword on point, the word bylaw, and your community name.

For example, to find a fence bylaw for Victoria, you could type fence bylaw victoria.

Step 2. Arrange a date and time to meet

Once you’ve had a chance to prepare, arrange a time and place to meet with your neighbour.

Plan carefully how you want to reach out. Let your neighbour know you’d like to speak with them about a problem. Suggest options for when and where to meet. Try to pick times you think both you and your neighbour will be calm and relaxed. Neither of you will be in the right frame of mind to talk if you’re under stress or time constraints.

Step 3. Have the conversation with your neighbour

When it’s time to meet with your neighbour, take your notes and any supporting material with you. Take a few deep breaths as you head to the meeting. 

Be friendly and introduce yourself if you haven’t already met. A little bit of humour and small talk can help break the ice. When you’re ready, be calm and respectful. Here’s a sequence you might follow.

1. Calmly explain what the problem is

“I’m not sure if you know this, but Bailey barks much of the day when you’re at work.”

2. Explain how the problem affects you

“I work from home and it’s really hard for me to concentrate. It takes me longer to finish my work and I’m pretty worn out by the end of the day.”

3. Stick to the facts

“Yesterday, Bailey started barking at 9:15 am after you left and didn’t stop until 10:30 am. Then he started again at 11 am and didn’t stop until noon.”

4. Share any evidence you’ve gathered

"Here's a recording I made of Bailey's constant barking. And here's a copy of the noise bylaw that applies." 

5. Highlight your common interests

“Our neighbourhood is peaceful and quiet. This is one of the main reasons we both enjoy living here.”

6. Suggest solutions and invite your neighbour’s input

“I’ve tried wearing ear plugs, but they’re not a long-term solution. So I looked online and found some advice about training dogs. Here’s what I found. What do you think?”

7. Discuss a timeline to check-in

“Do you mind if we check in about this in two weeks?”

At the end of the conversation, consider thanking your neighbour for their time, understanding, and willingness to work together to resolve the problem.

Keep your cool

During the conversation, it’s important not to yell, blame, or threaten your neighbour. This can escalate the situation rather than resolve it. If you are too frustrated to continue the conversation, consider telling your neighbour you’d like to continue your meeting another day, or switch to written communication. 

Step 3a. Having the talk — an infographic

Tips for talking with your neighbour

Step 3b. Having the talk — a slidedeck

Step 4. Make notes of your conversation

Either during or after the conversation with your neighbour, make detailed notes of what each of you said, as well as the date and time you spoke. Also make a note of the outcome and any timelines you agreed on. For example, your neighbour indicated they would try various options to reduce their dog’s barking. You agreed to talk again in two weeks to touch base.

Step 5. Follow up in writing

After talking with your neighbour, it’s a very good idea to provide them with a written summary of the conversation, including the date and time and what was discussed. You can also set out other information, including:

  • the outcome (including any agreement reached)

  • any timelines agreed on

  • any courses of action each of you agreed to take

  • a proposal for a date for a follow-up meeting 

You can provide your summary by email or letter. It’s best to do so as soon as possible after your meeting. If the issue isn’t resolved, this brief record of the discussion may be helpful down the road if you have to consider other options.

Who can help

If the problem feels like one you need a person to help with, there are options for free legal advice

  • Reviewed in April 2021
  • This information applies to British Columbia, Canada
  • Time to read: 7 minutes

Reviewed for legal accuracy by

People's team, People's Law School

People's team

Was this helpful?

Also on this topic

Need to know

Options to deal with a neighbour problem

Work it out

Odours and neighbours


Expanded coverage of neighbour issues

Work it out

Noise and neighbours

Work it out

Untidy premises and other neighbourhood nuisances

Work it out

Trees and neighbours

Work it out

Fences and neighbours

Work it out

Parking and neighbours


Dealing with Neighbour Disputes

Still not sure what to do?

If you're looking for advice specific to your situation, there are options for free or low-cost help.

Options for legal help