What you should know before getting a payday loan.
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Not only are they a very expensive way to borrow money, there are other risks.
“Our family was hit with unexpected bills, and we needed some extra money. I went to a payday lender, and was approved for a loan in minutes. They made it seem so easy. And then I learned how much I would be paying in interest. I was shocked. I decided to ask my parents for a loan instead.”
– Allie, Surrey
You have rent coming due, extra bills piling up, and you’re strapped for cash. Taking out a payday loan can be a tempting short-term solution. However, your cost of borrowing is through the roof. And relying on payday loans can get you into deeper financial trouble.
Learn six reasons why you should avoid payday loans.
1. A payday loan is expensive
Payday loans are small, short-term loans. The maximum amount that can be borrowed is $1,500 and usually, they have to be repaid within 14 to 28 days.
They’re also seductively easy to get. Payday lenders don’t ask to see your credit report before lending to you. They just want to see proof you’ve got a source of income and your bank account details.
But you pay dearly for that quick access to cash. Most payday lenders charge much higher interest rates and fees than other lenders.
Under the law in BC, the most a payday lender can charge you for a loan is 17% of the principal amount. This includes interest and any other fees.
This might not sound like a lot. But it is a very expensive way to borrow money. If you take out a $300 payday loan, that 17% charge will be $51. This translates into a very high annual percentage rate of interest, particularly if the loan is for a short period of time.
Time to repay $300 payday loan (+ $51 charge)
Equivalent annual percentage rate of interest
2. A payday loan is expensive—like, really expensive
Let’s unpack this a little more. The annual percentage rate of interest tells you how much it costs to borrow for one year. That 14-day payday loan has a heart-stopping rate of 443%. In comparison, the rate on a typical bank credit card is around 20%.
Put another way, taking out a payday loan is 20 times as expensive as using a credit card, and 50 times as expensive as borrowing from a line of credit.
The costs shown in this example are based on the following:
- The annual interest rate charged on borrowing from a line of credit is typically 7%.
- The annual interest rate charged on making a purchase with a credit card is typically 20%.
- The annual interest rate charged on taking a cash advance with a credit card is typically 20%, in addition to a $5 fee.
- A payday loan costs $17 per $100 that you borrow; for a 14-day loan, that translates to an annual interest rate of 443%.
3. If you’re late repaying a payday loan, the lender can charge even more
If you can’t repay a payday loan on time, the lender can add extra charges to your loan.
The law in BC says that a lender can charge interest at a rate of 30% per year on any amount outstanding after the loan is due.
As well, the lender can charge a one-time $20 fee for any dishonoured cheque or pre-authorized debit.
4. Some payday lenders try to take advantage of you
Some payday lenders will tell you, without being asked, the maximum amount you’re eligible to borrow. (You can’t borrow more than 50% of the net income you receive during the term of the loan.) Some will encourage you to borrow to your limit. This will make it harder to pay back the loan. Which can quickly lead to an endless cycle of getting a new payday loan to repay the one you got last week.
Some payday lenders ask for a payment up front before you can borrow money. They aren’t allowed to do this.
Some payday lenders urge you to buy “loan insurance” at an extra cost. Some even tell borrowers that they have to buy the insurance to get the loan. By law, insurance is optional.
5. It's easy to get trapped in a cycle of high-cost debt
Payday loans can be enticing: they provide quick access to cash, at convenient hours and locations, with no credit check. Most people taking out a payday loan intend to pay it back in full quickly, typically in a few weeks. But when you're paying so much in interest, it can be difficult to do so.
Many end up taking out a new loan to pay off the first. Most people who borrow from payday lenders end up taking out multiple loans.
Under BC law, payday lenders aren’t allowed to grant "rollovers". A rollover is where a lender gives you a new loan to pay off an existing loan. But borrowers can seek out a new lender. And many do. Credit counsellors report that clients with payday loans typically have three to five loans when they arrive for counselling, skirting the rules by going to rival lenders for new loans.
The result can be an endless cycle of high-cost debt. It's even got a name: the payday loan cycle.
6. There are other options
There are less expensive ways to borrow money than taking out a payday loan.
One of the best options if you need money right now is a new credit card. Most major banks offer promotional rates for the initial month or two. Paying down your credit before the promotional period ends is a good approach to save money and build your credit score.
If you have bad credit, one option is taking out a secured credit card. Many major banks offer secured credit cards to higher-risk borrowers. The approval process for these cards is much less strict. However, the issuer usually requires a cash deposit as a guarantee of on-time payment.
A line of credit is another good option. Consider opening a small ($10,000 or so) line of credit when you don’t need it and have good credit. (If your credit rating takes a hit later on and you need money, you may not qualify for a line of credit.) Open it, but don’t use it. This will allow you a “safety net” you can use instead of taking out a high-interest credit card or payday loan.
If you’ve already taken out a payday loan, you may have the right to cancel it. You can always do so within one day of taking out the loan. You may even be able to cancel the loan outside of the one-day cooling-off period if the lender didn’t cross their t’s and dot their i’s. See our guidance on cancelling a payday loan.
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