So you’re thinking about installing some new hardwood floors and taking down the wall between your kitchen and living room. In a strata, you might have to get permission from the council to make changes. We’ll walk you through the process here, with the example of an owner who wants to renovate their condo.
Know and understand your bylaws
You’ll probably find a section about alterations to your unit, which describes when permission from the strata council is required. Typically, anything that may end up changing common property, like windows or sprinklers, will require council approval. But it could go further — “fixtures” are often included as something that can’t be changed without permission. These would include wall coverings, electrical, and plumbing.
There might be more detailed requirements, like:
- Rules about the type of hardwood you can use
- Insurance requirements
- Sound-insulation requirements
- Times of day that you can’t do renovations
Some stratas may ask for you to sign a liability waiver. Read these documents carefully before signing them, as it may shift any blame onto you if something goes wrong during your project. Know the goal posts.
Is it an “alteration”?
How far does work have to go to be considered an “alteration” that requires strata approval? There have been many cases in BC that turn on this very question. The courts provide guidance on how “material” a change to your unit has to be before strata permission is required. The following examples come from real cases. But keep in mind, the rules aren’t hard-and-fast.
- If it doesn’t truly change the property, then it isn’t an alteration. One example is installing a hot tub on your patio. A court ruled that this is more of a placement than an alteration.
- If you’re changing something like-for-like, then it isn’t an alteration. An example would be replacing a window or door with (a newer model of) the exact same window or door.
- Planting several trees or bushes at the edge of your yard would be an alteration, given that’s more of an improvement on a large scale.
- Drilling an additional opening through which an upgraded plumbing valve is installed under the sink is an alteration, because it’s a clear change (albeit minor).
- Installing an air conditioning unit on your patio is typically an alteration, since it requires you to drill holes in an exterior wall or window.
Each situation is unique, and so produces unique results. If you feel like your project is on the line, it might be worthwhile to seek professional advice, or the advice of somebody in the building that you can trust, before going to the strata council for approval.
“I hired a tradesperson to redo the tiling in our bathroom. The scope expanded — suddenly we were installing heated floors and getting a new tub. Our plumber recommended we upgrade our pipes as well. Then one day the strata president knocked on my door, asking me about my renovations. Before I started, I didn’t think I needed permission. But as the project grew (and grew), it seemed I was making changes to the building’s piping system. The strata council was now suddenly involved, and it took an extra two months to finish the project."
– Reed, Coquitlam
The strata has to be reasonable in granting or denying permission
That bylaw we discussed above probably also mentions that the strata can’t “unreasonably withhold their approval.” Situations like urgent repairs or upgrades are typically OK’ed without any fuss. But stratas can deny changes that may cause the uniformity of a building to be compromised. (Think: a big air conditioner on a patio, or different-coloured patio doors than the rest of the units.)
The strata also can’t wait too long to approve or deny your request. See below in the Take action section for more information.
You might need additional insurance
Call your insurance broker to see if you need to make changes to your coverage during the renovation. It’s not uncommon for your rates to go up given the increased risk of damage to your unit or other units when you’re replumbing or rewiring, or you’re making structural changes.
Step 1. Get advice from a professional.
Try to get access to the building’s blueprints (in Vancouver, you might be able to do this at city hall). Then you can ask a contractor or architect about the scope of what you’re trying to do. They’ll be another helpful voice to advise on the following:
- Are there any sprinklers or other common property between the walls you want to take down?
- Will you need permits from your municipality?
- Are you making an alteration to your unit that requires permission?
Professional advice can help make your application to the strata smoother. It will also help to set expectations for how long your reno may take — getting municipal permits, for example, can take many months. They’ll also be able to suggest alternatives if your main plan isn’t approved (or is too expensive!). Remember to ask for more than what you need, so your compromise gets you exactly what you want.
Step 2. Get strata council permission.
This is the most delicate part of the process. If you’ve determined you need permission, ask the strata president or building manager about the process. Don’t offer additional information that you aren’t asked for. Have alternatives ready if the strata rejects your proposal.
Give the council time to respond. If they don’t answer within a reasonable timeframe (might take longer if you’re asking to do something big), write them to ask for a formal hearing, which must take place within 4 weeks. Then, after the hearing, they have to make their decision within one week. Barring that, if they’re still stonewalling or reject your propsal, you can always appeal a strata decision to the CRT, especially if it relates to the interpretation of a rule or bylaw.
Step 3. If you’re going at it alone, understand the risks.
Some owners may try to slip a small reno through without permission, or use unlicensed workers. But realize that a neighbour might complain to the strata, who could bring your project to a grinding halt. Worse yet, shoddy work could impact other units (water damage is a major source of strata insurance claims), and you might be on the hook for a hefty deductible (more on that in our page on Dealing with your strata).
Step 4. Before you start work, let your neighbours know.
If it’s going to be a noisy few months, tell the people next to you (and below and above you) your plans. Acknowledge the noise. Leave a small gift on their doorstep before you break ground. A little gesture could go a long way to maintaining civility both during and after your project.
Step 5. Before you start work, let your contractor or trades know about any restrictions.
Keep your crew on the straight and narrow: strata bylaws often prohibit work on certain days (like Sundays or statutory holidays) and before and after certain hours.
The Condominium Home Owners Association of BC is a non-profit that promotes the understanding of strata property living and the interests of strata property owners.
The Vancouver Island Strata Owners Association provides education, resources, and support to owners and councils on the Island.
For more detailed information on appealing decisions of your strata council, check out the BC Government’s primer on Resolving Strata Disputes.
If you’re looking for a lawyer to help you with a strata issue, try Access Pro Bono’s Lawyer Referral Service, which can provide a free 30-minute session.
Call Access Pro Bono at 1-800-663-1919
Book a consult online